The learning objectives are interdisciplinary. The materials provided for this unit are primarily social studies related, but include topics in both math and science.
GIS investigations are part of many of the activities in this unit. These investigations make use of ArcGIS Online, an internet software that runs on most browsers. If you do not have an an ArcGIS account and would like to have one you can sign up for a free personal account here.
The Columbia Project files are also available to download for ArcGIS Desktop:
The data and shapefiles in the various map layers are from a variety of sources:
Columbia River Basin
Historical boundary shapefile digitized from Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks - Western U.S., Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection, courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.
Contemporary reservation boundary data clipped from Indian Lands of the United States layer, in the USGS National Atlas, 2006.
Lewis & Clark Trail layer from Lewis & Clark Expedition: Route of the Corps of Discovery, 1804-1806, Redlands, CA: ESRI Schools and Libraries Program,1998.
Cannery data from John N. Cobb, "Pacific Salmon Fisheries, Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 1092, Washington D.C.: US Department of Commerce, 1930 and Marshall McDonald, "The Salmon Fisheries of the Columbia River Basin," Washington D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries, 1894.
Cannery images from John W. Tollman, 1897, University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division
Fish count data by dam from Adult Salmonid Passage, Columbia River DART (Data Access in Real Time) Project downloaded in February, 2012.
South Fork of the Salmon River
Columbia River Subbasin boundary file from CRB Basin Boundary, 2008. ESRI.
Land cover vegetation clipped from USGS, Landcover of the Pacific Northwest, National Gap Analysis Program (GAP), Land Cover Data Portal.
Fire history layer clipped from "Fire History Polygons for Northern Rockies- 1899-2003," U.S Forest Service, Northern Region, downloaded December, 2012.
Recovery Populations layer courtesy of Dana Collins, Bonneville Power Administration, downloaded December, 2012.
Recovery Actions layer from Salmon Recovery June 2015- Habitat Restoration, Portland, Oregon: Bonneville Power Administration - GIS available on ArcGIS Online.
Those interested in learning more will find that the Internet offers a variety of interesting materials.
Your comments and suggestion about these materials are more than welcome.
If you have ideas for additional topics that would lend themselves to the approach taken here, please pass them along. I'd enjoy collaborating with you.