Title

For the Teacher

Objectives

The learning objectives are interdisciplinary. The materials provided for this unit are primarily social studies related, but include topics in both math and science.

Unit

Understand the historical, cultural, and economic importance of salmon in the Columbia River Basin to both native and European immigrant populations.
Identify technological, economic, and environmental factors that contributed to the decline in salmon populations in the Columbia Basin.
Use GIS and graphing software to analyze and interpret factors related to changes in the Columbia River salmon population over the last century and describe these phenomena in narrative, graphical or mathematical terms as appropriate.
Evaluate the effectiveness of recent actions in helping to restore Columbia Basin salmon populations.;

Related National Standards

History Social Studies Geography Math

GIS Activities

Map

GIS assignments are part of the last activities in this unit. The activities make use of ArcGIS Online, an internet software that runs on most browsers. If you do not have an an ArcGIS account and would like to have one you can sign up for a free personal account here.

The Columbia Salmon Project files are also available to download for ArcGIS Desktop.

The data and images in the various map layers are from a variety of sources:

Layer

Source

Columbia River Basin

Columbia River Basin boundary file from CRB Basin Boundary, 2008. Northwest Habitat Institute, Corvallis, OR.

Columbia, Snake, and Salmon River layers clipped from USGS National Hydrography Dataset

Tribal Boundaries

Historical boundary shapefile digitized from Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks - Western U.S., Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection, courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Contemporary reservation boundary data clipped from Indian Lands of the United States layer, in the USGS National Atlas, 2006.

Explorers

Lewis & Clark Trail layer from Lewis & Clark Expedition: Route of the Corps of Discovery, 1804-1806, Redlands, CA: ESRI Schools and Libraries Program,1998.

Canneries

Cannery data from John N. Cobb, "Pacific Salmon Fisheries, Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 1092, Washington D.C.: US Department of Commerce, 1930 and Marshall McDonald, "The Salmon Fisheries of the Columbia River Basin," Washington D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries, 1894.

Cannery images from John W. Tollman, 1897, University of Washington Libraries. Special Collections Division and from Rick Hamell as found at Hamell.net

Dams

Dam related data from Reservoir Data: Project Data, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Water Management Division, 2003.

Dam images from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Digital Visual Library.

Fish Count

Fish count data by dam from Adult Salmonid Passage, Columbia River DART (Data Access in Real Time) Project downloaded in February, 2012.

South Fork of the Salmon River

Columbia River Subbasin boundary file from CRB Subbasins, 2008. Northwest Habitat Institute, Corvallis, OR.

Land cover vegetation clipped from USGS, Landcover of the Pacific Northwest, National Gap Analysis Program (GAP), Land Cover Data Portal.

Roads and Salmon spawning layers from"South Fork Salmon Subbasin Geodatabase," Northwest Fisheries Science Center, downloaded December, 2012.

Fire history layer clipped from "Fire History Polygons for Northern Rockies- 1899-2003," U.S Forest Service, Northern Region, downloaded December, 2012.

Recovery

Recovery Populations layer courtesy of Dana Collins, Bonneville Power Administration, downloaded December, 2012.

Recovery Actions layer from Salmon Recovery Caucus Web Map, Portland, Oregon: Bonneville Power Administration - GIS available on ArcGIS Online.

Additional Resources

Joseph Cone and Sandy Ridlington, editors. Northwest Salmon Crisis: A Documentary History. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press, 1996.

Salmon Recovery Federal Caucus website

University of Washington, School of Aquatic & Fishery Science, Columbia Basin Research website.

 
 

Contact

Your comments and suggestion about these materials are more than welcome.

If you have ideas for additional topics that would lend themselves to the approach taken here, please pass them along. I'd enjoy collaborating with you.

email:

 

Last modified in January, 2013 by Rick Thomas